The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 proposes to accord citizenship to illegal Hindu, Sikh, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christian migrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.

Citizenship Amendment Bill has been passed

The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 passed by Lok Sabha on Monday, 9th December 2019 and Rajya Sabha on Wednesday 11th December 2019. What is the bill actually, let’s know more:

Highlights

♦ The Bill will grant citizenship to non-Muslims citizens from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who came to India before 31 December 2014.  
♦ The Bill will provide citizenship to the following six communities namely Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis.
♦ It will help the minority communities who face religious persecution.

What the bill proposes?

As per the bill, to grant citizenship to all illegal Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jains, Parsis and Christian migrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan countries who arrived in India before December 31, 2014. Also, as per the Bill, any illegal immigrants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh countries will not be deported or imprisoned if they are not carrying any valid documents for their residency in India.

Before the duration of the immigrants’ residency in the country was 11 years, whereas the amended bill has reduced it to only five years. This means that immigrants from these three countries and from the mentioned religions, who have entered India before December 31, 2014, would not be treated as illegal immigrants.

Apart from this, the CAB exempts certain areas in the North-East from this provision, it would not apply to tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura as included in Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and the area covered under the Inner Limit notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. As per the bill, a foreigner can register OCI cardholders if ther are Indian origin or the spouse is an Indian Origin. The benefits for OCI  cardholders will be the right to travel to India, and to work and study in the country. As per the bill which was passed in Rajya Sabha can cancel of OCI registration if the person has violated any law notified by the Central government.

Bill will now go to the President for his assent. A total of 125 lawmakers voted in the favor whereas 99 were against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill. The Bill took six hours of debate on the legislation. This Citizenship Amendment Bill was supported by JD(U), SAD, AIADMK, BJD, TDP, and YSR-Congress whereas Shiv Sena did not participate in the voting.

Home Minister Amit Shah in Parliament said the bill will give new dawn to lakhs and crores of people. As per the Intelligence Bureau records the numbers are – Hindus 25,447, Sikhs 5,807, Christians 55, Buddhists 2 and Parsis 2.

Read More Details like what is the background and the objective of the bill with us in the next article.

Source: Economic Times