Its been more than a year that Swachh Bharat Abhiyan have been started by our respected PM Mr Narendra Modi but still we can see heaps and mounds growing in Delhi, India. The estimation is by 2020, the Capital needs an additional area of 28 sqkm to dump 15,000 tonnes of garbage daily. Since, more than 85% of the Delhi have door to door trash pickup facility, still we can see the trash on roads specially in the highly crowded areas. More than 90,000 tonnes of garbage is been generated by Delhi only in which 30K is the Electronic waste. It is also projected that by 2021, Delhi only will produce 15000 tonnes of garbage.
In Delhi, non-dumping options to manage trash across have also shrunk drastically. Burning waste is not anyone recommended because of environmental concerns and poor segregation of waste. Compost plants was also an option but now they are not doing well because manure doesn’t sell, and again becomes garbage. 50% of the waste is for composting also, 30% of it can be recycled. Effective segregation at source, in transit and during disposal, will mean only 20% of the refuse is needed to be sent to the landfill site. This will also mean a cleaner city with fewer garbage trucks and longer lifespan for landfills. But instead of proper segregation practices, only random picking continues in Delhi.
What we can do?
Segregate: There should be separate bins for Dry waste and wet waste by keeping a bin for paper etc and another for food and kitchen waste.
Compost: More than half of the trash is fit for the composting. We a group set up the bins in the places. The best start is from the Home, you can use the manure for the plant.
Recycle: Try to recycle the trash. Collect all the papers and cardboard and sell them periodically, Reuse the plastic bags and bottles instead of throwing.
Reduce: Avoid using items such as aluminum foil, thermocol plates.
How can we make recycling more effective?
We must have to upgrade the working style of rag-pickers and other ways, who recycle nearly 20% of the waste. There should not be any space to sort out and store waste also a training and help for occupational safety.
Recycle More Pollute Less